Cultural Importance of Assam in India

Updated [18/July/2023] Assam is situated in the beautiful landscapes of Northeast India, the state is well-known for the production of tea, petroleum resources, delicious pithas, traditions and culture. Above all the state fascinates the tourists and attracts them with their natural beauty. To justify this statement, the state has 7 national parks and 17 wildlife sanctuaries, which cover 3.39% of the total area of Assam. One of the most visited national parks in this state is Pobitora National Park, the biggest reason behind it is the population of one-horned rhinos. The only advice to visit this famous national park is to book an online Pobitora tour booking and online Pobitora jeep safari because the jeep safari is one of the best ways to explore the national park and get close to the beauty of the wildlife and nature.

You will be amazed to know that Assam covers 78,348 square Kilometers. In fact, it is the largest Northeastern state of India according to the area and holds the second position according to the population. The state is very well known for its culture which includes its history, traditions, literature, dance forms, festivals, etc. so today in this blog, we will know deeply about the cultural importance of Assam and will also know why it is one of the best destinations to plan your tour.

bihu festival assam

Reason behind Growing Tourism in Assam:

1. Assamese Literature: Assam has a proud literary tradition that spans centuries. The state has produced some exceptional poets, novelists, and playwrights who have enriched Assamese literature. And some of the popular names from this state are Lakshiminath Bezbaruah, Raghunath Choudhary, Jyoti Prasad Agarwal, Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, and Homen Borgohain. These popular names have contributed to the growth of the Assamese language and helped in exploring the basic issues such as identity, society, and human emotions faced by the people who live there. Assam's literary heritage showed the power of words and storytelling which indirectly helped in preserving cultural values and traditions.

2. Majestic Handlooms: Assam's handloom industry is well known for its unique and wonderful craftsmanship and fine textiles. As mentioned above in the introduction part the state is very popular for the production of its silk. Some of the popular silk that you can get in this state are Muga, Eri, and Pat silk. These indigenous silks are known for their lustrous texture and complex and elaborate designs. These complicated designs represent the skills and creativity of the Assamese weavers. This sector which is known as the Handloom sector is now only beneficial for the people who visit the place but is also beneficial for the people who live there as it provides employment to various artisans and also plays an important role in sustaining the cultural heritage of Assam.

3. Captivating Dance Forms: Dance forms in Assam are popular all over India as these are the dynamic reflection of its cultural identity. Bihu is the most popular dance form of Assam which indicates the changing seasons and agricultural cycles and they celebrate this with their community which involves this dance form too. With its energetic movements and lively music, Bihu expresses the spirit and joy of the Assamese people. Sattriya is another important dance form which is a classical dance form rooted in Vaishnavite traditions, this dance form is known for its grace and spiritual nature. The traditional Ojapali, Bhortal Nritya, and Deodhani dances add further dimensions to the cultural heritage of Assam.

4. Flavorsome Delights: Food is the way to heart this is what everyone knows and Assam knows it a little better because Assam provides one of the best foods in India. The food of Assam represents the state’s cultural diversity and agricultural abundance. Rice is the main food, and Assamese cuisine is characterized by its unique flavors and ingredients. Traditional dishes like khar, tenga (sour curry), pitika (mashed potatoes), and various preparations of fish and bamboo are prepared and served with great enthusiasm. The aromatic tea gardens of Assam produce some of the finest teas globally, further enhancing the state’s food heritage.

5. Festivals: The way the people of this state celebrate their festivals is so popular. As they celebrate the essence of life, heritage and spirituality. Rongali Bihu is celebrated in the month of April and it is one of the most important and widely celebrated festivals. The festivals aim to celebrate the arrival of spring and the agricultural season. The festival is celebrated in Assam in which they showcase their talent and skills such as dance, music and various traditional feast. They also celebrate the festival with some traditional games during this festival.


Assam’s literature, handlooms, dance forms, cuisine, and festivals showcase the diversity and creativity of its people. In this state, they not only cherish their cultural heritage but also welcomes tourists with open arms to immerse themselves in the richness of their traditions and culture. The more you discover the roots of the state the more you will realize why it is one of the most beautiful destinations to plan your trip. I hope you find this blog entertaining and informative at the same time and also enjoy your tour of Assam.

About the author


Divya Chaudhary

Divya is a degree holder of a Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication. She is a passionate and enthusiastic writer. She has been writing professionally since 2020. Her passion for travelling leads her to write about her experience and help people to know more about the places. She is contributing to the website ZOOMX as a writer. With a keen knowledge of travelling and tourism, she is happy to present you with facts and information.